Tag: Airways

  • Shortness of breath (Dyspnea)

    Shortness of breath or dyspnea is an abnormal awareness of own breathing. It is described differently by different people. Some describe it as not getting enough air or feeling suffocated while others describe it as a

  • Cough

    Cough is our body’s protective response to the presence of irritants in the airway. It is a reflex action caused by the stimulation of the nerve endings in the respiratory tract by  stimuli such as allergen,

  • Coughing up Blood

    Coughing up blood can be alarming, even in small amounts. But not all hemoptysis is serious or life-threatening. The blood may be mixed with the sputum or it could be frank blood which  could be bright red, dark

  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)

    COPD is a chronic condition of the lungs that causes difficulty in breathing. It is caused by long standing  exposure to irritant gas or particles most commonly by cigarette smoking. In developing countries indoor